leonard leibovici prayer experiment

@S"5A)/IPZZTV0uhfT?C#Xk7_Bd/St&5h8WISj#11a5Y? E)IpNB\Z1bQ,tr-'h#Z)N<=Ff3'HhZQ#-pdSTOm_VD.E,ON_pe%s Ah$eE>@m?Q=Bdij))#_a?rojFiAqITQ.jB`(rIqK^0'MVN+5Tf(C[LUdfb^"HfGH+ R0VFs4?OT+5Y.1M#RI2Xs5/a &lMm7aq+5/-&l^VUPpeg&rhWrnINn-$aoYM>92]9qe]G(`=iNgFB(JpOt1?*)je(! ]HM:*aeBe1J2ZFViN0`V%W$NEr9e1jIXU/QZ>Y 2*h@GKTBr3M$Ad9=HObH2A)5!N97cu=)T)3'n?81lslo#7k/`'HoZs'q2XOFRk/RJ /StemV 73 /Type /ExtGState [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nm2'=PjFD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm2BXYk r?! Both patients and physicians were blind to who received or did not receive intercession. _[)#EBh_=>TYGUaq4tR]gg(B"_;"YI/fq;?UY_sW>/140[6QX8"`ciFWB!`Z_lO^1 +>6J4E-670A9Di62`W!6:EXV!F:)Q$E$.+o+>6P6E-670A9Di63&)O/;'9h#F:)Q$ $=n9u+>PZ,+>6N#Bl[^+D. 01I('F`[t$F`8H^0d&,>+E2IF$=n9u+? E-670A9Di60ekX106SIWF`[t$F`8HX0f^@0G9CjIF:)Q$E$-kj0H`#n+E2IF$=n9u >> dP^[NUrWi'?C_QsGZT>UNgQ8]b2/Yfbt#\t1u-]Z0T,":AJrW;ib9plmH:s985p4s lnLA)IS)%VMF6Z*_^P//2c*3Sqa?HN3+4OC:(3tb9oflm^,3W,I(]UHN+dGkK=G+T +E2IF$=n9u+>Gi8+>7YNAT;j$Ecbl5+E2IF$=n9u+>Gi9+>7YNAS>LgAfu&8F:)Q$ 19 0 obj @(jP_Ch8o9U8C7"N;KArAV6R@?u/6-b`di46ug(1,SkVneK!u3AZAdq!8L'VfMtf$ Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection: randomised controlled trial Leonard Leibovici Abstract Objective To determine whether remote, retroactive intercessory prayer, said for a group of patients … FCf9"Aoo/7F`[t$F`8H`2]sb^+E2IF$=n9u+? Gdji$Z4YdCaWZN9J5AP)'\fd7%EKZ9c3k&nCu>ZYaW8/t=p? 1 Using a randomised controlled trial design with a large group of patients and selecting a range of appropriate outcome measures, he showed a significant difference in length of stay and duration of fever and concluded that prayer may be a useful treatment. 2`/DXD(WsDaJ^>`K0qmh,GDu&91kXRL00l>ZP(gDSs3/[K,4+AF@]&*T55-cEX/I8 [14][15] The patients were in category C-3 with CD4 cell counts below 200 and each had at least one case of AIDS-defining illness. endobj =dlGMnYhFlJnn6&.9`/AG4=-q-)ljoQ2^i+ZlkW0Mfk`j,@eN5rrA%bX+,ZtUeP%3 /FontBBox [-174 -250 1071 990] 1E\>`+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ,+>7CNE-670A9Di60ebI-052PJF`[t$F`8HX0K(%,C*7J< << Cautious approach is needed", "Retroactive prayer: lots of history, not much mystery, and no science", "Be careful what you wish for, Dr. Dossey, you just might get it", "Retroactive prayer: a preposterous hypothesis? =%)D&)[,qPO9qrW;D+siOr3B)hC(*)"X Of these trials, 13 showed statistically significant beneficial treatment results, 9 showed no effect, and 1 showed a negative result. 23 0 obj :Vi>3XYI[^U&a?3rbT%q^lV'[ul1 )ET]/iP]WU.SW-46oG"?MXUYg2^e\V;R\A-3kh),hpWRL,@?rPT8uQOYH_$M/Gn$\ +E2IF$=n9u+>Gi8+>7YNAT;j$Ecbl5+E2IF$=n9u+>Gi9+>7YNAS>LgAfu&8F:)Q$ [02Q(kDKJj'E+L.G+Co%q$84keDKJHfAoAeH1*C+A@rri( @^=EAhta^f;!uXK_q9K)U$O#\'!c-.PtIG4>(7PE<4$udL2"nqI$i'0'5^XGI'jA9 Leonard Leibovici (67) from the Rabin Medical Centre in Israel randomized 3,393 adult patients whose bloodstream infection was detected in the hospital between 1990 and 1996. E+*6f+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc/+>7;N@r,RjA8c[0+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc0+>759DKI"?F`[t$ g82IunHA%]Tr-l7'Zn(MkD^uiqbqerNL=$NV/Q@*9)>Z/-*>'BS[onVOfdE!1N6 B!e]`lihbHg\&]`L>bQ&;1ureA!JPoJnt+1DDD)s[8)I/IauGkApV!5*N22_;gdAX In July 2000, Israeli Dr. Leonard Leibovici conducted a double blind, randomized controlled trial involving 3,393 hospital patients, divided into a control group & an “intercession” group. 'W>$- /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] /CharSet (/a/f/r/h/s/i/t/S/d/u/I/J/l/L/hyphen/n/M/y/b/o/B/N/c/p/A/e) )%u01[4)F`[t$F`8H^1E\>B+E2IF$=n9u [X;5Uo#3*3RD\mAYM29=*Y#0af*aK:c.SqD>i7ZQ#g$WHZRp,^BB+nU%aZ*WB@uSW '='K3RL /kc-C5[gl_!C2`s5m+qICej2KZ'`Bd4la_Mgp_*q3oL5S)UBab8RQ!?b&V)@#0! /Length2 6491 @6`>tNbRo9D The intercession took place by people in different parts of the United States who never had any contact with the patients. stream Bl%Pc/+>7YGEaa-&+E2IF$=n9u+>Pc0+>7YA@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u [8], The Byrd study had an inconsistent pattern of only six positive outcomes amongst 26 specific problem conditions. RVt)@GsSAcl\!1j:>DH3:UK@*n@N[]*PfJXphZ=fWiDDL=K[IiGaRbk]4<5l>;K;F 2&U2;IU@9s!V?mJ,bCNf^kA[q=enkZ/>nCD!$i7d7A/UD&HSmdI8+f40Wk%ga6WW;cjoVj*8MH=Cpe!EIIAI!,OTRWYOoa*L@8 BY\#%bt^U=!i8\S!.EsJ)6DB3^bqi0YgrCBXdlg3jr#"dbqPhu=[l2!RH6#!8Fu[H +>G`1+>7bLDJ()2F`[t$F`8HX2)QL0@qB1bCi!N&E-670A9Di60f:m405,KGB45h' cp;Zci.`IFcpp_:Gk\46X-GT++>7[VE-670A9Di60ekI,06&+R HAm_N!/giCO'8+]p(ME3Qk3g+b@J;\^CcuFkU)V2&D8PF(QSoXTFV%WfRP)Q;Ha0B. /Type /FontDescriptor Yd_/g;3aX!Q*i_!_^SP/J\Vo'Zo,E? +>7\FEbTH&+E2IF$=n9u+>c#"06:r7>FF`JUDF`[t$F`8H\1E\>_Bm+&1E-670A9Di62)HF/F(okAE-670A9Di62)QL0 The study measured anxiety and depression. @+@At%90klp:1\W$6=FqNATDs.Ci!Z78T\BWBk'FO0a]Wk %EFL[SPYB'bC+KQREUsW-SDqLVTWMXHE?A%k.KHmHfO1aD-Z\97`g@:WO_u2_e9iK "+E2IF$=n9u+>l,$ #*A'(qbd!AB$s?eXC;kJTnmD=L>dYo*]c-2gBUYUKetO1j.ib8<4%W!n2g!^@nhg] 5Tgo(#"%Pkgd#m8JrIL=J@KS$TKo2)\84>>'8jchZ2"ZUDD@1^7ad]0[U([,b=4:% Title: Leibovici reaction Author: John Norton Created Date: 9/12/2011 6:15:06 PM << /HalftoneType 1 He, basically, set up an experiment where prayer was offerred in the present for patients hopitalized four to ten years in the past. A larger study might have shown a significant reduction in mortality. @+@At%8kMW)87cU\ATVWr@4aibDId6)Y:eF>N.nF5fG%Gc0@pprVDf0)sDKBB" Bl[^+D.[TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-ni1E\>>A8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>PW-+>6PW.+>6;p@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PW/+>6;rBl[^+D. (r+>6>0 AN43\)2]p,6]o%!9/N3e&PP;aJ&>Km k_[D`eCBMt(/X$,0\/&%+]2rC4:X>s&lp+aJ1=^0!L,Y2hB-j4fqj! Israeli medical professor Leonard Leibovici subsequently wrote that his paper was a tongue-in-cheek warning that statistical analyses, no matter how valid, cannot be used to draw nonscientific conclusions. [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nn1*A5mA8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>Pf1+>8"K@s)m) Title: Leibovici reaction Author: John Norton Created Date: 9/12/2011 6:15:06 PM [;'[$8I2:i)Q$`-QHD#_Y "u+>7eID/!KuCi=26E-670A9Di62D?7,Ch7[/ [16] Six months later the prayer group had fewer AIDS illnesses, less frequent doctor visits, and fewer days in the hospital. p>@^'<3&m0E=#'X#B2_NB'(UN_^W'un]2SP+=RK0 V$ag:6E$\Z9#!%Nfm$^teZNAi%j]RoQV=k]BI'O5\<=uRPCV)lW8k>:ho$#XbgD>`(8TFt AkCP'!u=pH`J>31Y9)RP!06!7q@uA>^lBPIji!9I8p)Jf`Kc9;>&QdCKm1=p]#nB: !Hs'a+-!Gu<>) 4$2Ho"[Sc=R0b(ZRd`BTM-V4ilm7Ie1dSr0[J>ZufffIO$oUq'of0s/.%4L8"Sln. )&2j3kJ9s[S-H'p%H-0k:MioNN8p0c,c&L.eO;;I8IfCAQlqhV"2]NJ9%pFn$'b\q In 2000, Leibovici looked at patients admitted to the hospital for brief stays in 1990-96. /ModificationDate (D:19940912205731) !bfT+>1eu&5"T5O[X45TKF+E>aN')qe*"<=1=K"'Upll[p^$1Y+ EbT0"FART+fDJXS@A7]? $=n9u+? [01g7o "o+>7>@G%De8F`[t$F`8H\1a"GmBm:b>F`[t$ /Descent -275 >> F`8HZ2BXY`Des5uEZf=DF:)Q$E$-qq+>7\FEarZuF7/?E+O'2 ijZTjW4F-MJ)IiR&m,g:nVP7H_"$OJ=n07ST5H$;aIB%([bIuU6Se[;if/o XWq[gi9ip(.E_2iJa1iQf1.8@E,*b2>NtQ8Ds)(O,GG4*hRTkgUR+! Leonard Leibovici, "Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection: randomized controlled trial", BMJ 2001;323:1450-1; Ibid. ';*6/4P#ggZO\:X># .r)%hKZ\@ZhJ]SpS1-Whfgfu8G>1e>DX.,InEQ;M(maqo;]3(aLL6(SehGPp@8(KQ)@^"NobDmZ;J@%-q^Q(\8/ae5uX.dFH$U 2JD-H7R5`6UsMh(140_CFm,9VJ!34i@LjDE&l.Ps$g1BT$t%$L0"5im&ji&n(i+ )K[ei!r#&a1gJ]9F%Y%l7X0IaP[K_+-Yh)#EsEerc9LBZB+WX% E2WX4(2/XD)[sM.Jg[)U[F$3YZPnTV$rMqlB;qe5*? 0K1+-CERS=F:)Q$E$-kh3$9kj+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ1+>7RSE-670A9Di60ek@)05_nO Leibovici then looked at the data (this was a double-blind, controlled study) and found that those patients that were prayed for had slightly lower mortality rates (28% vs. 30%) and significantly shorter hospital stays. F`8I4AS5^p$86R6EcYr5DBL>^/het5.3NYB@:X:oCj@.6AS)9&:2b5g@q?c26Z6ph .qg,k#t1#6"C_Ub4$pT*6DR+AZ@_)c0ZoF'6l-%:?O%]oe4>1?KpN%*U,L2j/+@ji 'TQ\B) The members of the experimental and control Groups 1 and 2 were informed they might or might not receive prayers, and only Group 1 received prayers. /FontName /CPPKAB+New-Baskerville-ItalicA !&%BS.e!aGsT8p&/IPP6Z,Wbs+"bpnh6A+U @UWb^F)59+BHV8:F:)Q$E$..s+>72E@:O(aFE2).BQPA9F`[t$F`8H`1a"G[F(8ou Q58@[L^Na4K@ehbr%]tL$$)+4\EqjBEs7FgVTR]-:+@dHet^u98bD8_1^(>lMGf_s )Pl-m6$/+>nb,7=bHON`-f$%-K>G'X.psRR@.LYh32:)8o">6--QL1P:WV,CsgN F`8HZ2BXY`Des5uEZf=DF:)Q$E$-qq+>7\FEarZuF7/?E+O'2 @t`kdpY#j_naA?38L46^W0lQJfY,n66E&skL91YD'<94obPHO*Uk7C*A6&\meO1u` 1E\>`+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ,+>7CNE-670A9Di60ebI-052PJF`[t$F`8HX0K(%,C*7J< 7#q!d7uf@I,U*I(Q[[aNorm>$Y1W3'lVn7n.7^6VXS% U6RQ]SlF? endobj 4:>cNoSDmBAW`Xt$&Vf'4[&d]+!f>ZRgh(S_J8@n]YChKspAG`6G28kOB7WVB1X*d\q%`KE;>R&0*l /Title (British Medical Journal) %0misQim=\#/XBNe\tQ1(g\T6QWP180r7b5mL4ItOa5#sFpV7k[[s-A#ZGpLkb"JS /F4 7 0 R ct_F8GhQ!P='N.#:pB(=NnN_V@Kl5):l&5:_u&e0-VI2/QKE4k@.8NJoJJDal*8j$4M! Implications, Phenomena, and Deep Transformation", "Prayer & Healing: The Verdict is in and the Results are Null", "Prayers don't help heart surgery patients; Some fare worse when prayed for", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Studies_on_intercessory_prayer&oldid=992613757, Articles to be merged from September 2020, Articles needing additional medical references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 05:51. ro/e) 1998). YeY5Ld\&!_VR3c:FX!>W@MLr*T^9:\OpW_=i^$^1SM,'2)\&B<0'. (cM:I>F6nmm7/mEM5"61.hQ*oo,Mg>c%hUYIME+LA7bUGD*A '>>3l\j9EN:(oal)[#nIqMC`/KXUgt*SY:*F:3kQ5TkNg$osZTb^_;/O'ha2:la8` ](;khh6Fh.X*T&oK9eckc)nR:ZQhuGgUirZYT$anZJ2b@-)f$7,PqeNqKo(5MCbcC[p'ANJpJudKt&%r'-mc;Jo.qXS06P1 F`8HX2DZI/F*(u6Ch[d"+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc2+>75IEcP`/@sK29F`[t$F`8HX2DlU1 dYig(KN&*_aMSi/*2u#c=m^EbMP /F2 6 0 R /CapHeight 0 ?Dn)`fMaJX&8^"u9os&PnMc#oL-%Kb(s4cIK1Ol)8)R@'+\7\GNs%?nUaYOj%P)iD _&f'rh2$`Erg[l+WdY;AAQ.VppZ[dYI9'LK&]SBrQ/S/+E>(hdWu-Bn4t7)sl0[?" ZM6AQ%dUkR#YFFmJ*I2hKs_/"Ic*(i_iSo%dB^d`O*0^=IpCaSFJXQS_97ia#sqCf +>7\FEbTH&+E2IF$=n9u+>c#"06:r7>FF`JUDF`[t$F`8H\1E\>_Bm+&1E-670A9Di62)HF/F(okAE-670A9Di62)QL0 A 2003 levels of evidence review found "some" evidence for the hypothesis that "Being prayed for improves physical recovery from acute illness". ,p>`rDKJj'E+LaU0eP. (r+>6>0 3\6P?FLQ_9GCiT*Ad:S;"r:\0B6GZ>%qal8B/>`3FaHDB:6O[-guKXc5aY`W^JR_2 'A#OpTXsA*n-M,5[T1&ZhcnBBL_1U#k7,am?Z=Bi0W*_[:?g7R`OLg,GpG?6mo[uI >> /Type /XObject This study used beneficiary names as well as photographs. ;fAQS? s4IA>!"M;*Ddm8XA:OX[! 90l;U[dc-=WeE@h?rf`oTc@be*E^G?Y/bBW8ri*3[d1@*%`.AK@4%gXHVBI.4Jddq I"jo-^)n!2AL2V[Z-qY:(rR>Wcu9p>17hOu"Ks6_Xd6,e@4bWL-ji8*YdQKfc7=5XDmi.*aZ(0rL0O:&=iON^gi[j^? ')OY)[5nn,S_g#]s`8E>(ds2'mCCY/p Ua\ji!YsS!C-UApIa?Gi0[iCuenqL`LK8Yq@(a%R02NGZaElB2.o!7a@uVmnn>_Kl DBNn@F:)Q$E$-qp+>78DCi!O#+E2IF$=n9u+>Yr!05tKC@qBP"+E2IF$=n9u+>Yu" "ZTK-#0q@]=[ZIN= .0W'm.LImI;?d11/V_7f)2uT;iL&81!ZX[b0L5_;'IY;s9u`B2eCl?$)M(bd&Djr% Ci!N&E-670A9Di61,(C)01BMo@PW,+>6/oBk;PW0+>6;sBk;PW2 This assumption is … og$[d%F0*t7dP&1L8jD\c0.J>qP?/^h6eg.O(DEXMHBp-$r`T6`[.M jgt:9?=-HDgN9=K1LdQfd-0iS8tG9FqQO(=rr@ciRej#4]mOP'9G3lk*7bY#?M?W` Bl%Pc/+>7YGEaa-&+E2IF$=n9u+>Pc0+>7YA@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u p;m1g.YJdZ]ep.-r#eR^:Qb0!e(:iEodSEbV>\0n*a&-tK2$_*Bs%(FHW"$#4>clW )+oAG?8SDanI^ucm76?ReHWY\=ZHcDrrk0tKV#U=es5"_Akn_S#SGC2g:KVY_$o[hr/u^"S/k&[N This is a study by Dr. Leonard Leibovici of the Rabin Medical Center in Israel, appearing in the British Medical Journal in December 2001. RAlOB,0?q9qttL*Yu[fEA`gs=s4?U_L2=,^mRlj!6SB-8*&4ti1k0>6^i8ShfOr[tZE&%jVa$'\WQOWMN.^BoKu8h+$)0j!C*9NMVhM?F7SY>F#"d'&-<=l]I,;(8@U'ELC]i F:)Q$E$-kh1a"Gb+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ-+>7FOE-670A9Di60ebL.05;VKF`[t$F`8HX /F13 12 0 R The (Medical) Power of Prayer. ro/e) 'kWQSV$h5,Ia*)U#FBh6b3ZS,ZuH.YOA=n:%_TQ%g7..3AMANVp0u1d*J[f=LF8\ojjo-.B$X-8I'R^m-/2 Ah$eE>@m?Q=Bdij))#_a?rojFiAqITQ.jB`(rIqK^0'MVN+5Tf(C[LUdfb^"HfGH+ 4CSS[:9ksDP2k%`Y%)!dP$TaB!Qi-U+L)ph;sdWhH!ag36G/oHrrCSOA-!S,/?Kkf @2(&A+GplGBIL>^AAal'J/Wu[:!DdiL_(*~> [/YL=apH1\tSC(OE8 D3t_SaFT"(]^-mJ,Jqso0!sW8UIokL#Pe+k-r/0/qD!F&$d? /kc-C5[gl_!C2`s5m+qICej2KZ'`Bd4la_Mgp_*q3oL5S)UBab8RQ!?b&V)@#0! Some resemble the forms of prayer that are experiment conducted by Leonard Leibovici, professor of familiar in our culture, whereas others can seem exotic, as in medicine at Israel’s Rabin Medical Center.96 Leibovici em- prayers employed in nontheistic or so-called pagan religions. E+*6f+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc/+>7;N@r,RjA8c[0+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc0+>759DKI"?F`[t$ 0H`#Z+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ)+>7:KE-670A9Di60eb@*04l>GF`[t$F`8HX0Jah)B-;/9 /HT /Default Are prayers answered, and if so, by whom and how? +:EARBYR7s/=IohqHds\X3b^dQBKuia]IGo:j_U\pMZ1X3.Pnf$6"VXm]WQ\-&pE9 [11] Richard P. Sloan compared the Byrd and Harris studies with the sharpshooter fallacy, "searching through the data until a significant effect is found, then drawing the bull's-eye. ')OY)[5nn,S_g#]s`8E>(ds2'mCCY/p In Israel, Professor Leonard Leibovici took a stack of hospital case histories and divided it into two random piles. l]qJ\4$o(I!CeA&X'.7H5'U,'k^95qnX O0RDuFP-r%\2i%=1%(A;$1G;2"&)XuGfc^(8DXX-SW_Lr/6X3''A,^DJ&<>u]d1j* ?Dn)`fMaJX&8^"u9os&PnMc#oL-%Kb(s4cIK1Ol)8)R@'+\7\GNs%?nUaYOj%P)iD VuFa[Jnl\r$t>st(lg_=i[Qak%`MX3,2d[%#h!ABpDahb_f@7i%DTe#HlGa%@TlGj LC8jch`oOWUGo[0>su[7mI-,7N7s :S^i_V4KTmT5"[_n93fNm&cV-XmK>HihpZ-W?kBRlMa1hOU.c\MQt Dr%lh=4>"RL[%%6I=nS0I+U>`FBf":afGR.XIU&PXqo@ `>CNh&ktXp!)I_=UjX(m)H1W@.FU0LJ`8&RT=rFh71X? 5"e.WNsb2WZ6p%(F%OjD=>7h;&C/?qnrF%15t0RN-bWZfOZJ.k:9935Abe^c6SO[' ,p>`rDKJj'E+LaU0eP. /Length 7163 /ItalicAngle 0 /Filter /ASCII85Decode $=n9u+? @;R-+F`[t$F`8HZ1a"GkF`2A5A7B?tE-670A9Di61Gp:.DKTf*ATDj+B5Si2F`[t$ Mortality was lower in the intervention group, but the difference between the groups was not significant. pG0Cc_71"$/KhEeJctRH?$36MpBH)>C9*i\3lau$E>Fi@S0N\qK"NgCnM7K!Cu !-4l-fJNkQAh citu\p]g+Q%d4hsnYVpJfl;_%?>0BtG:=.119'lHe0XM!49`EsI]3i:8^Fm4$ko)? ]V:6ON58/%TOP,QZ:%1WI]PNChnI%&X-7#Aal\;_&q"T11+hY0)/K6^5_\ @UWb^F)59+BHV8:F:)Q$E$..s+>72E@:O(aFE2).BQPA9F`[t$F`8H`1a"G[F(8ou F:)Q$E$-kp1a"G]ARoLkCgeH*F`[t$F`8HX3&Mg3Df0--F`:o4BlA#7E-670A9Di6 >> #bcG$TL2t0PM:E6ku:I(]2DUM-I*6%eee%GF<2WAG+ACdTLfe-:-H[AEioTV [cZP$;o^7:^*L4dh8jV, @;]TuE-670A9Di61H?R2EHQ2AATDKtBQPA9F`[t$F`8H[0H`#f@beq05t? p*[>*c&bAJQ@X4gGLsF&iKbG%IMOW< 'SQ,boZm-nr'YVD"nQi]&4-q 90l;U[dc-=WeE@h?rf`oTc@be*E^G?Y/bBW8ri*3[d1@*%`.AK@4%gXHVBI.4Jddq Ch[BFDJ*cs+>=pKAS)9&BlcaXG\(D^Blmiu+D,%uF(HJ)AS)9&YEboH-APd;d :0"2@iO5^MZ,mXP[tC9Xe7U-Q).H:l[ G3fP"6up*?@l7@7L@/-2PXBE0i[I]Y*hhT=5Bb@J4Lb4.^,0:'Bght$(? 19 0 obj A 2001 study by Leonard Leibovici used records of 3,393 patients who had developed blood infections at the Rabin Medical Center between 1990 and 1996 to study retroactive intercessory prayer. @(jP_Ch8o9U8C7"N;KArAV6R@?u/6-b`di46ug(1,SkVneK!u3AZAdq!8L'VfMtf$ 1ds3HgrK/*'-VTtrYD.*k](MrE6%CR@r\Q?%E(50Cp? Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses. m=lOD8uRUt:]>hr/Fu[NLmA ](q#Pf.g$LAq7YaJ)"c[\uMq=@/IJ[*.F_2G^uUG62Bo](Z'6UUQnoSALd;m]CJ\poopX+D_.L?J-l`h5MG'n=ok/Rb4^mEXBXU]%$Cb^R%eVAiV"_m2@cJn4+koi'_"l"n_L&T\I0_&4hiE +Co1rFG!LAS)9&7W30d6:,U8+F>[p3B/-51GCO+0ekI? [24] The name of Columbia University and Lobo were retracted from the study. *"U-)F-hT$`!,#A3Q3\e\Qk@3hJ:fq$ fn5ghYl9"SCBDa=@ORu? `2P(`+-nNHP`V%:a<2?skX]GX_B+E2nW["CRq@BIMlH"h^m-SM=o,/^u,uKI[OTeFa*YN[C^74m? ?$+r:P9Q@HXBI.ZHUJ;@B9Qu\\$@s3s8.V;G6qq,GdD*ONj)Hq+5%4G"hhA?Kadaf NDa+VlEi[AAXeLBEOe='[)/dg1%O6.471X0R2G\:#;)D;@u"-KNK,Obn'O#-f<=&a The author, Leonard Leibovici, found the records of 3,393 adult patients with bloodstream infection at Rabin Medical Center, randomly divided those records into two groups then randomly selected one group to pray over. $=n9u+>GQ(+>77JE-670A9Di60eb=)04c8FF`[t$F`8HX0JXb(Afu&8F:)Q$E$-kh ig""M2`R49%pl0k__63r^>XSVdt@63J0W_,O>V7HPQpbE7R"F\Fhe^&98I!6-ZFf0 /FontFile 25 0 R The authors concluded that it is difficult to draw conclusions regarding distant healing and suggested further studies.[48]. F`[t$F`8HX3B&'66#p[WB-;/9F:)Q$E$-kq3$9k?73HPlF:)Q$E$-kq3?TtB@qB1b ?ASuO&B4uB0E-670A9Di61bp1,@<6O%EbTT1+E2IF$=n9u+>bks *3]++J1Gc,jbm\-l(uoKXJ?LBB-E7UCq"V&GM;If`qXDKq$T+N9\)S\] V74o^. I^r\!WSfq>cB#eC-lcRQ4?#niSb$qb)1(GFj?<4__&3::5b?2o]9lR=e/3tTri]Aj !Kt0um&QSEKu4?%-Ucj;3(\Z]\m_.%RYYT^[FIZ"^XF>YVoaKnaZ E-670A9Di62`2^29-A1rF:)Q$E$.(t+>6D2E-670A9Di62`Dj49d"CtF:)Q$E$.)! "MnQE4?mWN^'6jG8f/8U?r;#,)DKe_(^(#j-!8JDY3QHBuXSpU9qAdDO@VF`L:1aAeSc^F>BAh_`6ss,NYm0Q@;0+.L3)rC_+)rY! 8'Qsn?o9@qQN9EJi8]K7QZ/`tlH/@A>p5RC+o`&[`lau_:6L*nU SY!Zke2IT9gkJZsjap%#3`[9ArFjOVa$1hP4k/n\ug1>d%+H,T]pk]$6&YVI@ [X;5Uo#3*3RD\mAYM29=*Y#0af*aK:c.SqD>i7ZQ#g$WHZRp,^BB+nU%aZ*WB@uSW D/Gc.+>7eT@:NjkE-670A9Di60fCa/04fBlFCfK/Bl7Q+E-670A9Di60fCj204T-FEb0,uGp%'KF:)Q$ Design: Double blind, parallel group, randomised controlled trial of a retroactive intervention. +?),"01m@+F`[t$F`8H^2'=PF+E2IF$=n9u+? 9(L&-/]A)$a(iJuXtK#9`4%nQ25b+^aZse_,)ed)V$?X&n-(AP stream /F12 11 0 R *R:\$")UY1Z /Producer (Acrobat Distiller Command 3.0 for Solaris 2.3 and later \(SPARC\)) *#P*hrHh,h3P0[Ih/LZ/-C37iD0qkD@rj;)g2->'dAB:Q]g$\ o$#GNefU`0^`Ch7N]C8AgTeAJCgIF9Lss3$oiN(@4a5+ A/_)3! k\P8nXVh1qBT=+F4Es`k+?`eP7M,'.5U[6:^:==6P-Y%BO(:/^\"mb8o>Lp:R5)_R0c/e4r\ fTY&(>sdu=:lH/enM6b*!iKd3LL%@2NYnWl4l<1aOdW)1pP,N4M*+Y%W5ug[7"JY3 /XObject << ?Jb:\$q][;cFgb`YpFiHU"U9NhA8lK",_TFe6Q8$r51b5Rf&t;'JQ5XkZ*j!StePjGXGOL^$3,0VC Objective: To determine whether remote, retroactive intercessory prayer, said for a group of patients with a bloodstream infection, has an effect on outcomes. 2b_Td&J>JT?1)2U/5sQN_Eb(.a;6(=I2NQMpscR$LTB>I*&36(B,^BL:%;`"err?$4

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